Modern Arnis is the system of Filipino fighting arts founded by Remy Presas as a self-defense system. His goal was to create an injury-free training method as well as an effective self-defense system in order to preserve the older Arnis systems. It is derived principally from the traditional Presas family style of the Bolo machete and the stick-dueling art of Balintawak Eskrimawith influences from other Filipino and Japanese martial arts.
12 Striking Techniques in Arnis – Basic Lessons
RA is a consolidation of House Bill No. Arthur Pingoy Jr. Remy Presas studied his family's system from an early age. He went on to study the Japanese systems of Shotokan Karate and Judo, achieving high rank in each; but he simultaneously studied a variety of other Filipino systems, most notably Venancio Bacon 's Balintawak.
Beginning with a small gymnasium in Bacolod in the s, he attempted to spread the art to the local youth as both a cultural legacy and a form of physical development or sport. He taught the art at the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos. His desire to reinvigorate interest in his country's traditional martial art grew over time, and he began making modifications and improvements to what he had learned.
In he moved to Manila at the request of a government official, and formed the Modern Arnis Federation of the Philippines. He continued to develop and spread his art, including via books, until political considerations forced him to relocate to North America.
There he met Wally JayGeorge Dillmanand other artists who influenced his development of the art of Modern Arnis.
The art continued to grow and change, in technique and in emphasis, though it always retained a focus on the single stick and on general self-defense. Those who trained with Remy Presas in the United States in the s and early s experienced the art differently from those who began training in the late s. Throughout the s and s he traveled extensively for seminars — the principal form of instruction in the system was through weekend training camps held around the world but especially in the U.
During this time he experimented with different forms of titles and leadership in the art. The Masters of Tapi-Tapi titles were created to provide leadership and steerage for the IMAF following Remy Presas' passing; the Datus were expected to take leadership roles that might see them move in different, and perhaps less conventional, directions. Throughhowever, the art remained largely united under the founder. In the wake of the death of Remy Presas, there was a splintering of the remaining leadership of Modern Arnis.
Remy Presas' son Remy P. Other groups, such as that headed by Kelly Worden, had become independent well before the founder's death and with his support. In many ways, the situation is analogous to what occurred in the Jeet Kune Do and American Kenpo communities following the deaths of their popular and charismatic founders. In particular, the question of how high-ranking arnisadors should test for higher rank has been settled by different organizations in different ways.
In some cases this has caused controversy. The art is healthy and continues to attract students. Modern Arnis continues to be taught worldwide. One of the characteristics of Filipino martial arts is the use of weapons from the very beginning of training and Modern Arnis is no exception.
Both single and double stick techniques are taught, with an emphasis on the former; unarmed defenses against the stick and against bladed weapons which the stick is sometimes taken to represent are a part of the curriculum.At the age of ten, he studied Zen Buddhism at the Homanji Temple.
Blessed with an extraordinary intellect and undying effort by nature, he would come to master numerous martial arts and create one of the most integrated martial arts of our time, Aikido. Despite his concentrated efforts and study of Zen, O'Sensei Great Teacherlooked weak and his short stature added to his frail appearance. But his spirit was strong and his ambitions quite different from that of the other youths his age.
When he was about twelve years of age, his father, Yoruku, a member of the town council, was roughed up by blackguards. This continued quite frequently thereafter, said the Master. Once, during his training, he contracted beriberi and had to return home. In recovering, he began to walk for miles, then running and weightlifting. He was not yet satisfied despite the tremendous strength he acquired, and he began to study Yagyu-Ryu fencing, Aioi-Ryu, and Hozoin-Ryu Jujitsu, Judo, Kenjitsu, Kendo, bayonet and knife fighting arts, even modem gymnastics.
He wandered from town to town seeking various teachers, eventually covering many of the territories of Japan, India, China, and other areas of Asia. He virtually practiced all the existing martial arts. The Master was always full of vigor and possessed an unyielding spirit. Whatever others did, he would do four times as much.
He was only five feet one inch tall, but built like a tank, weighing almost two hundred pounds. His former weak body became a powerhouse of muscles. With only a wooden sword, he traversed Japan and, upon discovering one superior to him, stayed as a student and trained until he learned all that he could learn, then continued his journey. He became the most proficient martial artist in all of Japan. Daito-Ryu has a long tradition; it was originated by Prince Sadazumi, the sixth prince of Emperor Seiwa of the Ninth Century, and has been in constant development up to the present.
Master Sokaku Takeda was a man of short stature like Master Ueshiba, but of violent spirits and very severe with his students. Nevertheless, Master Ueshiba had a reverent respect for him, including cooking for him and bathing him. The Master built a house for him and concentrated all his energies on his studies. Five years after his introduction to Master Takeda, he received the precious certificate Menkyo-Kaidensignifying his mastery of all the studies.
Inthe Master received a message telling him of his fathers grave condition from an illness. He gave all of his worldly belongings and property to Master Takeda and left Hokkaido. The desire for his father's recovery was reason enough to change course to Ayabe, Kyoto where the Omoto Kyo headquarters was located, and to ask for prayers for the recovery of his father.
After listening to the prayers of the priest, he became awestruck by his profound insight. But, after arriving home, he learned that his father had passed away. At that point, his life took a great change. He became almost fanatical in his meditation and quest for enlightenment. Then one day in the spring ofas he took a stroll in his garden, he felt as though the universe suddenly quaked and that a golden spirit sprang up from the ground, veiled his body and changed it into a golden one.
At the same time, his mind and body became light, and he was able to understand the chirping of the birds, and was aware of the imminent spirit of the Supreme. He had become enlightened. He realized that the source of all martial arts is God's love, the spirit of loving protection for all beings. This revelation may have been only one of many, but was the first such experience since his birth, thus revolutionizing his life and giving birth to Aikido.
From that time, he asserted: "It is the way of budo to make the heart of the universe our own and perform the mission of loving and protecting all beings with a grand spirit. The techniques of budo are only a means to reach that end.In Luzon it may go by the name of Arnis de Mano. The indigenous martial art that the Spanish encountered in was not yet called "Eskrima" at that time.
Kuntaw and Silat are separate martial arts that are also practised in the Philippine Archipelago. Arnis also includes hand-to-hand combatjoint locksgrappling and weapon disarming techniques. Although in general, emphasis is put on weapons for these arts, some systems put empty hands as the primary focus and some old school systems do not teach weapons at all. For all intents and purposes, arnis, eskrima and kali all refer to the same family of Filipino weapon-based martial arts and fighting systems.
Both Arnis and Eskrima are loans from Spanish :. The execution of this doctrine is so infallible, that not only does it prove its superiority in contests with equal arms, but also when finding the opponent with the apparent advantage of showing up armed with two weapons, sword and dagger.
For, even armed with those, experience shows the difficulty of resisting the single sword used in this way Practitioners of the arts are called arnisador male, plural arnisadores and arnisadora female, plural arnisadoras for those who call theirs arniseskrimador male, plural eskrimadores or eskrimadora female, plural eskrimadoras for those who call their art eskrimaand kalista or mangangali for those who practise kali.
As Arnis was an art usually practised by the poor or commoner class as opposed to nobility or warrior classesmost practitioners lacked the scholarly education to create any kind of written record.
While the same can be said of many martial arts, this is especially true for Arnis because almost all of its history is anecdotal, oral or promotional.
The origin of Arnis can be traced back to native fighting techniques during conflicts among the various Prehispanic Filipino tribes or kingdomsthough the current form has Spanish influence from old fencing which originated in Spain in the 15th century. It has other influences as well, as settlers and traders travelling through the Malay Archipelago brought the influence of silat as well as ChineseArab, and Indian martial arts.
It has also been theorized that the Filipino art of Arnis may have roots in India and came to the Philippines via people who traveled through Indonesia and Malaysia to the Philippine islands.
When the Spaniards first arrived in the Philippines, they already observed weapons-based martial arts practised by the natives, which may or may not be related to present-day Arnis.
The earliest written records of Filipino culture and life, including martial arts, come from the first Spanish explorers. Some early expeditions fought native tribesmen armed with sticks and knives. Some Arnisadors hold that Lapu-Lapu's men killed Magellan in a sword-fight, though historical evidence proves otherwise.
The only eyewitness account of the battle by chronicler, Antonio Pigafettatells that Magellan was stabbed in the face and the arm with spears and overwhelmed by multiple warriors who hacked and stabbed at him:. The natives continued to pursue us, and picking up the same spear four or six times, hurled it at us again and again.
Recognizing the captain, so many turned upon him that they knocked his helmet off his head twice, but he always stood firmly like a good knight, together with some others. Thus did we fight for more than one hour, refusing to retire farther. An Indian hurled a bamboo spear into the captain's facebut the latter immediately killed him with his lance, which he left in the Indian's body. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear.
When the natives saw that, they all hurled themselves upon him.Born in the Philippineshe moved to the United States inwhere he taught his art via seminars and camps. He published several books and videos on Modern Arnis and is recognised as the "Father of Modern Arnis". Presas, a businessman, and the former Lucia Amador. He began studying arnis with his father then with his grandfather, Leon Presas, and uncle at the age of six.
By the age of fourteen he had his first stick fighting match with a Sinawali master that Presas knocked out with one stick hit. He continued to travel across the Philippine Islands to learn from other masters and to compete in stick-fighting competitions and many street fights.
Filipino martial arts
Presas eventually focused on Balintawak Eskrimabut earned a 6th degree black belt in Shotokan Karate and a black belt in judo. In Presas began developing his own system which he called "Modern Arnis" by identifying the basic concepts of the numerous systems he had learned and merging them.
While working on this film he instructed and became friends with US actor Dean Stockwell. Beginning with a small gymnasium in Bacolod in the s, he attempted to spread the art to the local youth as both a cultural legacy and a form of physical development or sport.
Presas instituted a ranking system with Modern Arnis to identify the ability level of each student: likas green beltlikha brown beltand lakan black belt. Lakan encompassed ten degrees.
He issued certificates of rank, and began using the title Guro which became widespread throughout all Filipino Martial Arts Circles. The organization was responsible for maintaining records of promotions and other administrative tasks.
The latter group is the larger of the two. Presas earned a bachelor's degree in physical education and taught the subject at the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos ; because of this he was addressed as Professor Presas, and became known in martial arts circles as "the Professor".
He later worked for the Philippine government in the area of physical education, spreading arnis instruction through the high schools. Presas was forced to leave the country in because of pressure from certain government officials. He moved to the United States, first staying in the home of his student, Dean Stockwell and spent the rest of his life living in North Americabut traveled worldwide to conduct seminars.
Since his death, several groups have emerged to carry on instruction in his art. His younger brothers Ernesto Presas and Roberto Presas, as well as several of his children most notably his eldest son, Remy P. Presas who heads his own Modern Arnis organizationare active in the Filipino martial arts. Presas was married twice, first to Rosemary Pascual Presas, with whom he had five children, and to Yvette Wong, with whom he had two children.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Remy Amador Presas. HinigaranNegros OccidentalCommonwealth of the Philippines. Victoria, British ColumbiaCanada.
Conceptual Modern Arnis. USA: Lulu Enterprises. Arnis: history and development of the Filipino martial arts. Vermont: Tuttle. Karate's history and traditions. Vermont: Tuttle Publishing. Fighting Stars. Black Belt Magazine.
S, Paul World Modern Arnis Alliance Website.Welcome to the next generation of Modern Arnis! The Modern Arnis Remy P. Presas founder of Modern Arnisand to carry on the legacy he left us as the children and Family of Modern Arnis.
MARPPIO was established for three reasons: first, continuous promotion and propagation of the Filipino Martial Arts throughout the world; second, cooperation and unification of all Modern Arnis enthusiasts and exponents worldwide; and third and foremost, fulfillment of our father's final wish to me, to once again take the cane and continue his legacy. MARPPIO, an organization for the expansion and accurate depiction of Modern Arnis, will provide students with working and effective knowledge of self-defense and extensive mental, spiritual, and physical training in the Modern Arnis system in its totality as taught by the Presas lineage.
A student shall gain rank only when he or she has grasped proficiency in a specific set of techniques and its applications. It shall commend exceptional and outstanding individuals by granting well-deserved and well-tested promotions, grades, degrees, and honorary titles.
It will conduct seminars and sponsor regular exhibitions and tournaments as a means of brotherhood and of gathering and sharing knowledge and experiences among all Modern Arnis exponents from every chapter. Presas, Remy P. Presas, Ph.
Presas, Rosemary Pascual Adviser, Phils. In honor of the rattan cane, Yantok is the name given to the single cane form. Literally translates to Way of Weaving, reflect the harmonious but devastating path of the double cane form. Anyo is the way of nothingness. Literally, Anyo translates to form, which could stand for just about anything. In Modern Arnis, Anyo is the application of all styles learned throughout one's training, and is performed with a specific weapon i.
Anyo requires certain proficiency of beat, tempo, timing, agility, and most of all, diwang panlaban fighting spirit. Even if one lacks in size, one can overcome a much bigger opponent by utilizing the laws of physics through the defender and the opponent. By being able to hold one's position, one can easily defeat an opponent simply through mastery of inertia.
Ultimately, MARPPIO will incorporate these arts and focus on the practical application of all techniques for proper and dynamic results in a self-defense situation. We encourage all martial arts enthusiasts to read the Modern Arnis Cardinal Principle. Those who adhere to such principles are welcome to apply for membership. For further information, please send e-mail to: marppio modernarnis.A true lover of sports, Mr.
Remy A. Presas is the man behind Modern Arnis today. From the cold tomb of oblivion, Mr. Presas gave new life and meaning to the true Filipino martial art called Arnis. Arnis died with the passage of time as the incontrovertible onslaught of modern living and foreign influences blotted out this gem of the Filipino culture to merely one of the things of the forgotten past. Truly Arnis died with the times. If there were any devout practitioners of the art, they were a very negligible few not even worthy of the slightest attention.
People then were so overwhelmed by the appeal of other foreign martial arts like judo, jujitsu, and karate, as to give a passing look to their own arnis. Such then was the sad status of the martial art of Arnis. But fate has it that "Arnis" will not forever stay dead because on December 19,in the fishing town of Hinigaran, Negros Occidental, a boy was born destined to one day reopen the eyes and hearts of the Filipino martial art lovers to their own true martial art, arnis, an art which has its roots sacredly marked since the beginning of Philippine history itself.
This boy was Remy Amador Presas. Scion of a middle class family, Remy was born to Jose B. Presas, a businessman and the former Lucia Amador.
His father and mother wanted Remy to pursue a career other than sports like business where the family was then comfortably ensconced. But business was not for Remy. Exposed at an early age to sports through his grandfather who was also a lover of sports, Remy developed a special love for the physical art that will one day find him one of its stalwarts.ARNIS HISTORY DOCUMENTARY
At the tender age of six, while learning his alphabet and prayers from his mother, Remy was already learning the fundamentals of "kali", as Arnis was then called, using finely carved wooden canes shaped like swords or daggers. This developed in Remy an immense love for sports which will become and indelible mark of his nature.
Not content with the bucolic atmosphere in Hinigaran, at the age of 14 Remy went to the different cities like Cebu, Panay, Bohol, and Leyte, where he pursued his athletic career. All were Cebuano experts in Arnis, and under them Remy mastered Arnis and the deadly "Balintawak" style of stick fencing.
By the time he came back to his hometown, Remy was already and expert in Arnis and in other sports like judo, jiu-jitsu, wrestling and karate. After his marriage to Rosemary Pascual, Remy, idealistic and enterprising that he is, then set up a gymnasium in Bacolod, Negros Occidental, and there started the wheels of his obsession to revive the dying martial art of Arnis. With the fervor and determination of a true dedicated sportsman, Remy labored and sacrificed to bring the youth in Bacolod closer to the wealth of their cultural history that they failed to appreciate because of indifference.
Encouragingly, he succeeded. In that unpretentious gym he founded, Remy succeeded in drawing the interest of the youth of Bacolod. His followers in Arnis increased by the hundreds. Remy was not only successful in that respect. Remy was then a very successful man, a success capped by the encouraging outcome of his crusade to revive the lost glory of Arnis. Then in Remy was confronted with a decision that was to become a turning point in his life. In Manila, the interest of the whole country would be drawn, Remy was told.
The idea interested Remy, for indeed, Arnis is not only for a region, it is for the whole country and could even be before the whole world.It incorporates elements from both Western and Eastern Martial Arts, the most popular forms of which are known as Arnis, Eskrima, and Kali. The intrinsic need for self-preservation was the genesis of these systems.
Throughout the ages, invaders and evolving local conflict imposed new dynamics for combat in the islands now making up the Philippines. The Filipino people developed battle skills as a direct result of an appreciation of their ever-changing circumstances. They learned often out of necessity how to prioritize, allocate and use common resources in combative situations.
Filipinos have been heavily influenced by a phenomenon of cultural and linguistic mixture. Some of the specific mechanisms responsible for cultural and martial change extended from phenomena such as war, political and social systems, technology, trade and practicality. Lanada, Sr. As ofa total of nine elements scattered in eight countries, such as ThailandGeorgiaand Koreahave successfully inscribed their martial arts in the UNESCO list.
Today there are said to be almost as many Filipino fighting styles as there are islands in the Philippines. Inthe Philippine government included Filipino martial arts into the national sports arena. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports also incorporated them into the physical education curriculum for high school and college students. In recent history, Richardson C. Gialogo and Aniano Lota, Jr. Feliciano Toledo asked Richard Gialogo and Jon Lota to conduct national, regional and provincial seminar-workshops all over the Philippines under the auspices of the Philippine government.
The efforts of the two and Senator Miguel Zubiri resulted in Arnis being declared as the National Martial Art and Sport of the Philippines by virtue of Republic Act which was signed into law in Knowledge of the Filipino fighting skills is mandatory in the Philippine military and police. Filipino martial arts are considered the most advanced practical modern blade system in the world and are now a core component of the U.
Filipino martial artists are noted for their ability to fight with weapons or empty hands interchangeably and their ability to turn ordinary household items into lethal weapons. Weapons-training takes precedence because they give an edge in real fights, gears students to psychologically face armed opponents, and any object that can be picked up can be used as a weapon using FMA techniques.
Empty hand training techniques are translated from the use of the Daga dagger or Baston stick. Another thing to note is that the Philippines is a blade culture. The Southern Philippines with the Moros were never really conquered by the Spaniards or the Americans; nor the Northern mountains of Luzon with their feared headhunter tribes so they kept their weapons and their fighting skills.
For the more "Christianized" provinces and the towns where citizens had been "disarmed", bolos a cutting tool similar to the machete and other knife variants are still commonly used for general work farming in the provinces, chopping wood, coconuts, controlling talahib sword grasswhich could grow higher than roofs if not cut, etc.
Production of these weapons still survives and there are a few who still make some. In the province of Aklan, Talibongs are still being made in the remote areas. Until the 80s, balisong knives were still commonly used in the streets of Manila as general purpose pocket knives much like Swiss army knives or box cutters until new laws on allowable kinds of knives made it illegal to carry them in public without a permit or proof that it was a vital to one's livelihood e.
Martial arts instructor, vendor. They're still openly sold in their birthplace of Batangasin the streets of Quiaposouvenir shops and martial arts stores, wielded by practitioners and street gangs. Thus, even when fighting systems were outlawed by the Spaniards, Filipinos still maintained their centuries-old relationships with blades and blade fighting techniques that survive from ancient times and are still much alive as they have been adapted and evolved to stay relevant and practical in colonial and modern times.
No one walks around with saberskatanas or jians anymore, but knives, machetes, clubs and clothing, called Sarongsare still among commonly encountered weapons on the street and in the field, thus making FMA very practical and geared towards military and street fighting.